The orthopaedic surgeons with University of Minnesota Health are internationally known for their expertise. They are committed to providing you with orthopedic care that combines excellence, service and compassion with innovative research and personalized patient education. First performed in 1960, hip replacement surgery is now a very common and successful procedure. Technological innovations are continuing to make the prosthetic implants more durable and long-lasting. You can expect your hip prosthesis to last 10 to 15 years.
Hip replacement surgery typically lasts one to three hours. The surgeon makes an incision six to eight inches long over the side of the hip through the muscles and removes the damaged tissue and cartilage from the hip joint. The physician then replaces the ball and socket parts of the hip joint with a prosthetic joint. In some cases, the surgeon is able to do this procedure using smaller incisions, which are associated with shorter recovery times. If you are older and less mobile, or if you are younger and have weaker bones, your surgeon will probably cement the new joint to your bone. If you are younger, more active and have strong bones, your surgeon may use an uncemented or “press fit” joint, to which the bone will grow and attach.
You will likely spend only two to three days in the hospital after hip replacement surgery. Physical therapy will be an important component of your hospital stay. It not only will help you recover from the procedure but also teach you new ways to perform your daily activities to prevent injury to your hip once you are back home.
It may take as long as three to six months for you to recover fully. Appropriate exercises such as walking, swimming, golf and biking can help reduce stiffness and increase strength and flexibility. You will no longer be able to engage in high impact activities such as running.